Difference Between Prebiotic and Probiotic?


Prebiotics is a fiber type, which is tough for the human body to digest. Besides, it serves as essential foods to the probiotics. These are the small living microorganisms like bacteria and yeast. Moreover, both prebiotics, as well as probiotics, are considered as helpful bacteria just like various other organisms present in the gut.

If you do not know, then prebiotics, as well as probiotics, helps with bodybuilding as well as maintaining healthy bacteria as well as microorganisms. As a result, your gut health will remain good and your digestion system will improve as well.

Such food components make a suitable environment by promoting food so that good bacteria can grow. You can find prebiotics in various fiber-rich foods like vegetables, whole grains, and fruits. Fermented foods such as yogurt, tempeh, and sauerkraut are also a good source of prebiotic bacteria.




Prebiotics are essential substances that are exclusively found in various plant-based foods. These help in offering sustenance to all the useful bacteria in your gut. With the prebiotic dietary fibres, polyphenols, and resistant starches, the health-promoting microbes can grow.

Humans do not have the capability to break down prebiotic dietary fibres. Therefore, it passes these to microbiota so that the gut bacteria for transforming them into useful metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids as well as vitamins.


Probiotics are mainly foods as well as supplements that have a source of live bacteria. These bacteria have different actions on the human body. Two probiotic bacteria that maintain the gut microbiome are Lactobacillus as well as Bifidobacterium. It helps in keeping the acidity levels maintained, which is important to stay in a good health.

Both prebiotics and probiotics work together since useful bacteria cannot thrive without the prebiotics since these are an essential source of sustenance. Therefore, if the levels of health-promoting bacteria reduce, it can harm the ecosystem of your gut that you can feel throughout your body.

Importance of Both

Both prebiotics and probiotics are essential to support a healthy gut system. Not only it helps in enhancing the gut microbiome but also helps in the overall growth of the beneficial bacteria. The production of various organic compounds by the beneficial bacteria such as the short-chain is quote supported by the prebiotic foods. Here are some of the importance of prebiotics.

  • Helps in balancing out gut pH

SCFAs are useful since it helps in lowering the pH of your intestinal lining. Therefore, it turns your gut acidic, which is important to prevent pathogenic microorganisms.

  • Help to boost the nutrient absorption

Since the pH levels change, it increases the absorption of the essential nutrients. As a result, you will be able to gain more muscle mass. However, it is important to understand that you have to continue taking the prebiotic supplements at a stretch for eight weeks for better results.

  • Prevent cancer cells

It has been found that SCFA known as butyrate is found to prevent the growth of colon cancer cells. Apart from that, it also helps in decreasing gut inflammation. Also, one of the SCFA known as acetate help inhibiting the pathogenic organism.

Just like the prebiotics, the probiotics also come with some outstanding importance that helps in keeping the gut system healthy. Listed below are some of the essential benefits of probiotics.

  • Treats diarrhea

The health benefits of probiotics are quite useful since it prevents diarrhea and at times it reduces the severity. Taking antibiotics can cause diarrhea and it happens since antibiotics negatively affect the good and bad bacterial balance in your gut. Moreover, probiotics can treat some other forms of diarrhea that are not related to antibiotics.

  • Few probiotic strains keep your heart healthy

Probiotics are useful since certain strains have been found to reduce LDL or bad cholesterol levels. Many lactic acid-producing bacteria help in lowering cholesterol levels simply by breaking down bile in the gut. Breaking down bile, probiotics prevent it from reabsorbing in the gut. As a result, it does not enter the blood as cholesterol.

  • Reduce allergies and eczema

Just like it keeps the gut healthy, probiotics also help to control eczema, especially in kids and infants. In one of the studies, it was found out that infants suffering from eczema saw great results after consuming probiotic supplemented milk.

  • Controls digestive disorders

The problem of inflammatory bowel disease is quite common these days due to ulcerative colitis. However, with different probiotics, these can be easily controlled since it checks the irritable bowel disorders. Due to this reason, most doctors recommend taking probiotic drinks, especially to improve gut health.

Difference – Prebiotic and Probiotic

Both prebiotic and probiotic have their own role plays in improving gut health. However, it is important to understand the difference between both of them clearly.

  • Prebiotics– These are specialized plant fiber that works as food for the good bacteria. It helps in stimulating the growth of pre-existing good bacteria.
  • Probiotics– They are the living bacteria strains, which help in adding the population of good bacteria, especially in the digestive bacteria.

Therefore, probiotic foods, as well as supplements, include soldiers to your body’s army, whereas prebiotics provides all the essential support that they need to stay alive in your system.

Which Are Better Probiotics or Prebiotics?

Prebiotics and probiotics are considered as the dynamic duos that are essential for your body to stay healthy. Both of them work together. While prebiotics is the good bacteria promoters, probiotics are the good bacteria that work synergistically. Products having both these combinations are known as synbiotics.

Hence, if you want to keep your gut health in a good condition, then you have to include all the essential food items, both prebiotic as well as probiotic foods are essential. Food items like yogurt, banana, garlic, berries, legumes, oats, kombucha, kimchi, pickled vegetables are some of the common examples of prebiotics and probiotics.

Therefore, these are some of the essential things as well as the differences that you must know about prebiotics and probiotics. However, before consuming any probiotic or prebiotic supplement, make sure to consult your doctor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.